If you like coffee, you’ve always questioned how many different types of coffee beans there are and what defines them. We have the answers!
Walking down your favorite local grocery coffee street, you’ve already found that almost all, if not all, of the bags say “Arabica Coffee” on them. Have you ever asked why?
There are many types of coffee beans, the most popular of which is Arabica. Although it counts for 70% of all coffee created worldwide there are so many other varieties that are much less popular but so tasty!
Let's Check These Coffee Beans Out !
But first…What exactly is a coffee bean?
That’s an incredible topic! A coffee bean is a seed that grows within the cherry of a coffee plant. We shouldn’t eat the fruity outer layer of the coffee cherry, which is rare. Instead, we cut the pit and roast it.
When we think about how coffee is labeled and promoted, we typically think about items like roasting styles or root of production. This data is obviously useful in determining what to expect from a certain coffee, but it does not tell the whole tale.
Let’s take a closer look at the different forms of coffee available and what separates them.
1. Arabica Coffee Beans
Arabica beans are by far the most common variety of coffee bean, making for approximately 60% of the world’s coffee production. These delightful beans originated few centuries ago in Ethiopia’s mountains, and they may have been the first coffee beans ever drank! Arabica is most likely originating from the success of the beans in Yemen.
The Perfect Climate For Bean Process
However, Arabica beans need appropriate shade, water, and a high altitude to grow correctly. These seeds are more sensitive to plant diseases and must be raised at a minimum height of 2,000 feet.
The number of gourmet coffee brands claim that they use only Arabica beans.
Why is this so? Arabica coffee beans are the highest-quality variety.
They are well-known for their creamy, dynamic taste and absence of bitterness.
One thing to bear in mind about the common but delicate bean is that its flavor is known to be slightly diluted when served cold or mixed with milk or creamer. Though this could be so, it’s safe to bet the change won’t be obvious if you’re applying any extra flavor to the drink anyways.
What Makes Arabica Coffee So Unique?
Arabica has nearly 60% more lipids and nearly twice the number of sugar. These influence not only the flavor, but also the scent and body of the coffee. Arabica beans taste much better since the increased sugar in the coffee gives it a greater taste a cleaner creamy texture, and a lessen in bitterness.
What is the Shape And Taste of Arabica Beans?
Arabica coffee beans are oval and straight in shape, with a sweeter, lighter, smoother flavor. They also have more oils in the beans, allowing them to pack more fruity, spicy, and sweet flavors. Arabica beans account for approximately 75% of all coffee on the industry and are usually more expensive to buy.
2. Robusta Coffee Beans
What exactly is a Robusta Coffee Bean?
It is a round bean that has not been completely burnt. In comparison to flat berry, 5% of all coffees are becoming pea berry. Rather than two flat beans, one coffee fruit now have one round bean. That’s the only difference. So, it’s either a Robusta or an Arabica.
What is the Shape and Taste Robusta of Beans?
Robusta beans are mildly smaller and rounder in shape, with a stronger, bitter, and intense flavor. Because they contain fewer oils, they regularly have more organic, earthy, and heavier flavors. They account for 25% of the coffee industry and are commonly less costly than Arabica beans.
In Which Countries Is Coffee Robusta Popular?
Because of their bitter flavor Robusta beans are less well-known and consumed than Arabica beans. They are generally raised at lower altitudes in the Eastern hemisphere, in places such as Africa, Indonesia, and Vietnam, with Vietnam being the largest producer of the plants.
They reach a height of about 20 feet and involve less protection and caring than Arabica bean plants. Robusta plants also generate more crop production, making them more effective to develop.
How much Caffeine Robusta Coffee has?
Robusta beans have noticeably more caffeine than Arabica beans. Robusta beans have a caffeine content of 2.7 percent. When compared to the 1.5 percent caffeine levels of Arabica beans, it’s easy to see why Robusta, with nearly double the caffeine levels, is ideal for those who enjoy a delicious caffeine boost in the morning.
3. Liberica Coffee Beans
The World’s Rarest Coffee
Did you know that there are many other, less well coffee bean different types? Liberica is one of them, accounting for less than 2% of industrially sold coffee globally.
What Liberica Coffee Tastes like?
The Liberica coffee plant, which originated in West Africa, generates larger abnormal shaped cherries than Arabica seeds. It has a flower and fruity scent, but when brewed into coffee, this has a full-bodied, woody flavor.
Liberica beans are frequently used to add depth to coffee blends due to their complex flavor characteristics.
Those that have had the opportunity to taste Liberica coffee think it feels unlike any other coffee they would have.
The history of Liberica Coffee Beans.
From a virus disease…to the best outcome!
Following a worldwide die-off of Arabica seeds caused by a viral disease as “coffee grease” in the 1890s, the Liberica coffee tree was transferred and found growing in other regions of the world, such as the Philippines and Indonesia.
The illness originally comes from the fungus Hemileia vastatrix’s medium brown and chalky texture, which resembles iron dirt.
When a plant becomes poisoned with the fungus, it ends up losing all of its leaves and its capacity to make beans.
The Liberica seed is really strong!
Where do Liberica Coffee Beans Grows?
The Liberica coffee plant is tougher than the Arabica coffee bean because it can develop in hot climatic conditions is resistant to insects and illness, and can evolve at low altitudes.
Where can you Purchase Liberica Coffee?
Do you want to brew Liberica beans at home? Experts recommend purchasing roasted whole beans so that you can grind just the correct amount for the day and enjoy it when it is at its freshest.
Liberica beans, on the other hand, are hard to collect due to the limited number of coffee growers who plant them.
So, where else can you discover these unique beans?
Liberica accounts for 95 percent of coffee produced in Malaysia, so those who common kopitiams are already familiar to the kaw (“powerful”) flavor of Liberica coffee, which is commonly used. It’s also the quickest way to get your hands on those Liberica beans to brew at home.
Indonesia is one of the biggest coffee bean export industries and therefore can develop all of the major coffee bean flavors. Liberica beans are now introduced to Indonesia by European native people, but they quickly lost popularity with farmers due to the introduction of Robusta plants, which request less safety checks and are shorter in length.
Barako coffee is a morning regular feature between many older generations, historically presented black or sugared with golden syrup sugar.
4. The Excelsa Coffee Beans
Excelsa is a famous coffee kind that is frequently mistaken with Liberica and Robusta types of coffee beans due to their similar look and flavor. Excelsa, botanically classified as Coffea Dewerti, adds to 7% of global coffee production.
What’s the taste of Excelsa Coffee?
Excelsa beans have a unique flavor profile that is similar of peppery or matured fruit —flavors suggestive of a light roast—that also has dark, roasty undertones.
Why Excelsa Coffee resembles Liberica Coffee?
Well, ofc the answer is that…Excelsa is technically a member of the Liberica family!
Excelsa coffee beans are grown at medium altitudes and have a “teardrop” shape, signaling a similarity to Liberica. The Excelsa is now formally confirmed as a Liberica variety.
How to Make Excelsa Coffee? It’s simple!
To make a cup of coffee, you’ll need water, sugar, and ground coffee. For brewing coffee, filtered or natural spring water is being used. Excelsa coffee powder is roasted in the same manner as most other coffees.
How do I keep Excelsa Coffee Fresh?
Excelsa coffee powder is being stored away from humidity dryness, bright sun, and peppery foods like garlic and seasonings. When coffee powder interacts with oxygen, it begins to lose its scent. To preserve the flavor of coffee, hold it in a sealed, room-temperature container.
5. The Guatemala Coffee Beans
That container of beans on your favorite cafe’s shelves is most likely made up of single origin coffee beans. Your barista stacks the beans into the espresso machine, and out arises a wave of espresso with a wonderful flavor and just the correct size of caffeine kick to start making your morning happier.
The coffee beans may have come from a farm in Brazil or Ethiopia, but they are most likely from Guatemala.
Fun fact: Did you know that, despite its tiny size, Guatemala is one of the top 10 coffee producers in the world with more than 205,000 tons of coffee beans a year? I’m shook!
What the Guatemala’s Coffee Beans taste?
Powerfully, full-bodied, mildly acidic, and delightfully flavored, is the ideal first phase towards high-quality coffee beans for all those searching to switch away from mass-produced coffee.
They are not, however, completely incorrect. We’re here to just communicate about Guatemalan coffee.
What Tends to Make Guatemala’s Coffee Beans so Remarkable?
Guatemala is a coffee farmer’s Mecca, and for excellent purpose. Guatemalan cotton is produced at a height of over 5,000 feet, which helps to explain its strong and unique flavor.
Guatemala’s Perfect Tropical Atmosphere!
Guatemala’s distinct growing area with its mild tropical climate and nutrient-rich volcanic groundwater creates a perfect environment for raising several of the most delightful coffee beans on the industry.
Let’s go over the flavor types and some flavored notes before discussing the popular Guatemalan coffee beans.
6. Antigua Coffee Beans
What Antigua Coffee tastes like?
The aroma of the coffee is remarkable for its floral density, as well as tips of citrus fruits. Antigua’s flavors are spicy and smoky, with powerful hints of chocolate and caramel. Furthermore, Antigua coffee has the nutty scents discovered in other coffees from this region.
Most people will agree that Antigua is Guatemala’s greatest famous type of coffee. The groundwater in the Antigua area is nutrient-rich due to minerals collected by the Agua & Acatenango volcanoes during previous lava flows.
The active Fuego volcano continues to leave fresh mineral resources, helping to keep the soil healthy. Fertile soil, a lot of rain, and an accurate temperature in the region all play a part to the fantastic coffee.
7. Acatenango Coffee Beans
What Acatenango Coffee tastes like?
The Acatenago area’s dense forests and low heat with cold wind strong winds from the Pacific Ocean make the coffee beans to be sun-dried, attaching some spicy taste to the coffee characteristics at a high altitude of 2,000 feet following sea level. It has generally elongated beans and powerful floral and crisp, often chocolaty cup notes!
The coffee beans profit from the region’s land, which is wealthy in nurturing volcanic nutrients, as well as being developed among the Fuego volcano.
8. Atitlán Coffee Beans
What Atitlan Coffee tastes like?
Roast: medium. Flavor Notes: Big, balanced taste with complex chocolate and berry notes.
Lake Atitlán and the surrounding the area volcanoes, which are popular in many Guatemalan regions, are what distinguishes the coffee beans from this area.
95% of the coffee beans grown in Atitlán are grown on the mountains of the volcanoes that accompany the magnificent lake, making its soil one of the most mineral-rich in Guatemala.The area’s beans generate a full-bodied drink with citrusy aftertaste.
9. Cobán Coffee Beans
What is the Cobán coffee beans taste like?
Coban is rainy and windy and rainy throughout the year, which is a far promise from other sunshine volcanic regions.
Coffee beans are grown in clay and sandstone soil under these conditions. The tropical region includes coffee beans that are more consistent, medium-bodied, and have less acidified and warmer flavors, fruity and mild.
10. Fraijanes Coffee Beans
The nutty flavour of Fraijanes coffee beans.
The extraordinary coffee of Raijanes is due to the active Pacaya volcano, which deposits ash that feeds the ground water with potassium and volcanic nutrients.
Furthermore, the region’s high altitude of 4,500 feet, combined with a lot of rain, results in a full-bodied flavor. Whereas the mornings may be foggy with a light drizzle, the soil rapidly dries, enabling the coffee beans to be sun-dried.
11. Nuevo Oriente Coffee Bean
What is the taste of Nuevo Oriente coffee?
Since the 1950s, the coffee at Nuevo Oriento has been almost entirely grown by local suppliers. Even so, the country has seen strong growth in big coffee farms in recent years.
The weather in Nuevo Oriente is typically rainy and foggy, and the mineral-rich soil provides an ideal climate for a strong cup of coffee — the coffee is acidic and structured, with a powerful aroma roasted to a MEDIUM roast producing a well-balanced, clean, and round body. It exudes a floral feel along with a milk.
12. San Marcos Coffee Beans
What san Marcos Coffee tastes like?
Guatemala’s hottest area also has the most rainfall. San Marcos receives more than five meters of rain per year in Guatemala overall.
The coffee blooms quicker during the initial rainy season. To explore the often-unpredictable plot twists of the wet season, coffee producers use a “pre-dry” method in which the coffee beans are sun-dried.
One of the strongest ‘espresso’ type coffees on a dark roast. This coffee has a clean, smooth, strength at this colour.
If you want a delicious Blackberry flavored coffee, San Marco is what to buy!
13. Antigua Santa Barbara Coffee Beans
If you are a chocolate lover…this is for you!
What Antigua Santa Barbara coffee tastes like?
The flavor status of Antigua Santa Barbara is silky rich and creamy, with vivid acidity and sweet taste that reflects the flavor resume. Those who enjoy their coffee chocolatey with nutty notes will enjoy a glistening rich, buttery cup of Antigua Santa Barbara coffee.
The flavor profile is balanced by its lively acidity and candy-like tartness. The flavour of these beans is sophisticated and dramatic.
14. Organic Huehuetenango Coffee Beans
What Organic Huehuetenango coffee tastes like?
He is well-balanced and bright. Natural Huehuetenango is an excellent choice for a low-acid coffee, with its light, vibrant acidity complementing the coffee’s toastier notes.
Those who want to drink coffee without getting indigestion will enjoy how rich and smooth it is. It has a delicious caramel-like sweetness with fruity sweetness and a barely noticeable chocolatey flavor. The aftertaste is beautiful and buttery.
The reality is that these types of coffee beans play a part something unique to the coffee industry and therefore should be identified for it. If you’re a coffee enthusiast looking to broaden your horizons, almost all of these beans are worth a try.
When these main characteristics are considered, the options for improving your cup of coffee are limitless.