Moka Pot Brewing Guide: How To Make The Perfect Cup!

By Evelina •  Updated: 04/18/22 •  9 min read
stovetop coffee maker

The Moka pot is an easily identifiable icon of Italian coffee tradition and among the most well-known brewing machines on the market.

The Moka Pot was invented in 1933 in Italy by Italian Engineer Alfonso Bialetti and it is a stovetop espresso maker. It consists of a round aluminum pot with a tube on one end and a filter on the other end. The device was meant to make espresso when used with ground coffee, but now, it is also used for making Cappuccino, Latte Macchiato, Mocha Coffee, Tea, and more, when used in combination with a milk frother.

The Moka Pot was created during the depression era in Italy as an affordable device for people to make their own coffee at home. Its unique simplicity of use and widespread supply makes it an easy launching point into the world of specialty coffee.

Although it is commonly seen at home to make a robust, thick coffee, the Moka pot is surprisingly quite practical while brewing. Moka pot history is important for the coffee industry, as it was one of the first machines that allowed people to make coffee without using any electricity.

Moka pot is a stovetop espresso coffee machine for coffee aficionados on a tight budget!

Moka Pot Brewing Steps

brew coffee

Step 1

Grind around 20 grams of coffee as thinly as you could for an espresso. 20 grams is enough coffee to make a cup for yourself or a friend!

Step 2

Power up your gas stove, and bring the water to a boil, then add it to the bottom chamber of your Moka pot. Place the filter basket on top and fill it up with coffee.

Step 3

Screw the upper chamber of the Moka pot on top of the bottom part. Be extra careful as the base area could be really hot. Boil the brewer over medium heat and be careful not to warm the handle.

QUICK TIP: To prevent burning the coffee, skip or water down while it is still in the top section with water or ice cubes.

Step 4

Set an alarm and rest. It may take 6-8 minutes for something to occur. If the hot water isn’t boiling yet, raise the temperature slightly.

Step 5

Coffee will soon start flowing into the top container. This shows that the pressure is operating and the coffee is brewing. If it’s spilling and spouting, the heat is too high; lower it!

Step 6

Once the coffee is on its way to create bubbles, for example, it appears like brown honey, remove it from the heat and place it on the damp towel. Serve immediately and enjoy your espresso-style coffee!

Read Also: Moka Pot Grind Size

Moka Pot Cleaning and Maintenance

moka pots

If you are a coffee lover, you know that the best cup of coffee is not just about the quality of the beans or equipment but also about the cleanliness of your coffee maker.

A clean Moka pot will let you make a perfect cup of delicious espresso every time, and it will be easier for you to prevent any mishaps that may lead to expensive damages.

The main parts of the Moka pot are the filter and the rubber seal. The filter is made of thick, porous metal mesh. It fits over the top of a cylindrical body that forms a watertight seal with it to retain flavor and aroma.

The safety release valve is on top of the cylinder where you pour in your ground coffee or hot water. If it’s blocked, you can use mild soap to unclog it.

The rubber seal on top of the machine has little bumps that go around the edge to let air escape when you press down on it. It also has holes in it so that gas can escape up through them when you push down on its opposite side.

It is important to clean your coffee maker on a regular basis. The rubber seal, filter, and safety release valve can all trap residue and dirt which will make the machine work poorly or even stop working altogether.

If you find that your coffee maker is not working properly without any reason, you should check if the safety release valve is blocked and clean it with a mild detergent. If you are not in a hurry, go ahead and replace the rubber seal when it becomes worn out.

If your coffee has a metallic taste, it is most likely due to the build-up of coffee oils on the filter. To clean it, soak the filter basket evenly in a solution of equal parts water and vinegar for 30 minutes. Then, rinse it with clean water and dry it thoroughly before using it again.

Remember that your brewing equipment is an investment that will give you many years of enjoyment, so take good care of it! Too much pressure can cause the machine to break, so avoid using it if it feels hot or if the safety valve is making noise.

Read Also: Why Is Your Moka Pot Leaking

Tips for Brewing With A Moka Pot

tips for moka pot brewing guide

Now that you know how to use a Moka pot, it’s time to learn how to brew the perfect cup of coffee with it!

1. Use A Cold Towel To Not Get Burned

The Moka pot is made of aluminum or stainless steel construction, which means that it conducts heat immediately. This is great for making coffee because it helps the water extract all the flavors and aromas from the beans quickly. However, it also means that the pot gets very hot, so be careful not to burn yourself when you touch it.

If you want to protect your hands from the heat, wrap a cold towel around the pot before you start brewing.

2. Use Freshly Ground Coffee

If you want to make the best cup of coffee possible, use freshly ground beans. Coffee that’s been sitting around for a while will lose some of its flavor and aroma. If you can, grind your beans right before you brew.

3. Use The Right Amount Of Water

If you use too much water, your coffee will be weak and watery. If you use too little, it will be strong and bitter. The perfect ratio is two tablespoons of ground coffee for every four ounces of water.

4. Bring The Water To A Boil

Before you pour the water into the pot, make sure that it’s at a rolling boil. This will help to ensure that all the flavors and aromas are extracted from the beans.

5. Use A Stirring Stick

Once you’ve added the water and coffee to the pot, stir it gently with a stirring stick. This will help to evenly distribute the grounds and ensure that they all come into contact with the water.

Read Also: Moka Pot Mistakes

Frequently Asked Questions

brewing coffee

What Grind is Best For Moka Pot?

Some say a medium-fine setting is best for a Moka pot. Others say that fine-grind size is best. Still, others prefer using a coarse grind size. It’s best to experiment and find out which settings yield the most flavourful brews for you personally.

However, I would personally recommend you to use a fine grind size. Overall, the extraction time of the Moka pot is not very long, which means that the water comes in contact with the coffee grounds very briefly. A finer grind size will ensure that the water extracts all the flavors and aromas within that short amount of time. 

The importance of grind size in coffee brewing has been known for decades and so has the advice that the smaller, finer particles are better at extracting flavors from coffee beans than larger particles from coarsely ground beans. If you want an intense cup of coffee, use a fine grind. If you want a rounder, milder cup, go for a coarser grind.

How Much Water Do I Put In A Moka Pot?

Moka pot with heated water

Whenever it relates to the Moka pot, it’s crucial to understand that we’re not talking about typical “cup” measures. The quantity of “cups” that your Moka pot can make is really the amount of 50-milliliter espresso-sized cups.

If you want to buy a Moka Pot and are not sure which size to buy, check our complete guide to Moka pot sizes.

What does Moka Pot coffee taste like?

Moka pot coffee is known to have a strong, intense, espresso-like flavor and usually has a pressure release valve at the top to allow the pressure of the boiling water to escape.

The process of making Moka pot coffee is relatively easy and can be done by people who are not specialized in espresso machines. However, it takes some time for it to brew so you will need patience if you love this type of drink.

Many people prefer using Moka pots instead of buying an espresso machine. The truth is that a Moka pot can brew an espresso-like drink that if you top with some steamed milk it won’t be all that different from a coffee shop latte.

Last Thoughts

Most of us adore this coffee machine, not because it produces a high-quality brew, but because it lets us participate in an ancient Italian coffee-making tradition. Moka pots have been around for centuries, and they’re still going strong today.

We hope that this article has helped you to understand how a Moka pot works and how you can use one to make delicious coffee in your own home. If you have any questions or comments, please don’t hesitate to reach out to us!

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Evelina

Evelina’s passion for coffee could never been hidden. Having worked as a barista, she learned the true value of the coffee bean and its secrets. As she continued to evolve as a barista, so did her knowledge, techniques on making different coffee blends and most importantly how to operate every kind of gear when it comes to coffee. Having a degree in biomedicine and being a barista, allows her to provide our community with in-depth knowledge surrounding the topics of coffee.