There are numerous stories around when coffee was discovered and how it came to Europe.
The Effect of Coffee in The Whole World!
The history of coffee is an exciting story. For decades, the bean is being transported out of strict countries, stolen from royal family, and has affected entire populations and economies. It’s amazing how one tiny bean grown from small trees in Ethiopia can become the world’s second largest product sold today.
Have you ever thought where coffee originated, where this little bean got its start? Prepare to be transported through time and across countries.
Ethiopian Myths and Legends!
Coffee grown all over the world can be followed back centuries to the ancient coffee woods of the Ethiopian mountain. Legend has it that the goat farmer Kaldi found the possibility of these famous beans there.
The dancing goats!
Something, not at all typical. He found they were eating red berries and observed that this fruit was the source of their strange behavior.
According to legend, Kaldi found coffee after noticing that after eating berries from a specific tree, his goats became really energized that they refused to sleep at night.
The Coffee Trip Starts in Asia!
Kaldi revealed his discoveries to the local monastery’s monk, who made a drink from the berries and discovered that this somehow keeping him awake during the long hours of night prayers.
The monk informed the other monks at the church about his finding, and word of the empowering berries spread. When coffee arrived in the Arabian Peninsula, it started a journey that will take these beans across the world.
The Arabian Peninsula was the homeland of coffee farming and trading. Coffee is cultivated in Yemeni Arabia by the 15th century, and by the 16th century, it is recognized in Persia, Egypt, Syria, and Turkey.
Coffee is consumed not only in homes, but also in the many public coffee houses, known as qahveh khaneh, that started to appear in cities throughout the Near East. People regularly visited coffee houses for all kinds of social activities, and their influence was overwhelming. Customers not only drank coffee and chatted, but they also listened to music and watched performances.
The ‘wine’ of Araby
Coffee houses soon was becoming an important center for data sharing that they are named “Schools of the Wisdom.”
With thousands of tourists from all around the globe entering the holy city of Mecca every year, news of this “wine of Araby” spread.
Coffee comes to Europe
European visitors to the Near East returned with stories of an uncommon dark black drink. Coffee has found its way to Europe by the 17th century and it was becoming famous from across nation.
Coffee was criticized!
Some responded to this new drink with skepticism or fear, captioning it the “bitter idea of Satan”. When coffee arrived in Venice in 1615, the local priests criticized it.
The Low cost of Coffee
Despite the criticism, coffee shops were soon becoming centers of group interaction and communication in large cities across the United Kingdom, Austria, France, Germany, and Holland. In England, “penny colleges” popped up, that because a glass of coffee and inspiring talk could be had for the cost of a penny.
Coffee improved people’s motivation!
Coffee starts to replace the popular breakfast drinks of the moment, beer and wine. Any who drank coffee rather than alcohol started the day awake and motivated, and unsurprisingly, the quality of their job improved significantly.
By the mid-17th century, London had over 300 coffee shops, several of which attracted based supporters such as businessmen, shipowners, and artists.
The Blue Bottle- Austria’s first coffee shop, debuted in 1683, following the Battle of Vienna.
The Turks, who were trying to invade the land, were defeated and left with an excess of coffee. The successful officer established the store and made popular the habit of blending milk and sugar to coffee.
Coffee Arrives in the Americas
After conquering Africa and the Indian Ocean countries, as well as rolling over Europe, the little beans are all on their mission west to invade every country bordering the Atlantic Ocean.
The Mayor of Amsterdam offered King Louis XIV of France with a fresh coffee plant in 1714. It was ordered by the King to be planted in the Royal Botanical Garden in Paris.
The illegal trip of coffee
Despite a difficult journey, when coffee came to Europe it included terrible weather, and a saboteur who tried to destroy the seedling, who was responsible for transporting it successfully to Martinique.
The plant not only blossomed once planted, but it is recognized with the spreading of over 18 million coffee trees on the island of Martinique over the next 50 years. Much more amazing, this bean is the source of all coffee trees in the Caribbean, South and Central America.
Brazil and the Rise of the Modern Coffee Empire
Brazil now produces more coffee than any other country on the planet.
So, how did it all begin?
With a colonel from Brazil named Francisco de Melo Palheta. In 1727, Francisco has been sent to Guyana to settle an argument between the Dutch and the French. His highest concern, though, was to collect coffee and send it back to Brazil at any cost.
The Brazilian soldier asked the French President for coffee seeds.
When his attempt failed, his seductive back-up option was activated. He worked his charm on the French President’s wife, and she finally tried to sneak Francisco a handful of pieces.
He brought these pieces back to Brazil and created the biggest coffee nation.
Coffee from Brazil was introduced to Kenya and Tanzania in 1893, near to the origin of coffee and its farming in East Africa.
How America Affected the Coffee Industry?
The history of coffee in America began in the 18th century with the Boston Tea Party and the American Revolution. It is in year 1773.
Coffee is the new love in America
Ever since, the United States has been the largest coffeehouse exporter in the world, and it prefers to buy much more coffee than just about any other country.
This nationwide love for coffee is supporting economically, several countries in South and Central America.
America not Only Buys Coffee, but it Also Grows a small Amount of it.
Coffee was brought to Hawaii (which was not a part of America till 1959) in 1817 when Brazilians carried coffee plants. The first formal coffee garden is created in 1825, creating Kona’s reputation in the industry.
THE COFFEE INDUSTRY AS IT IS TODAY
When coffee came to Europe in the 16th Century the world wasn’t ready to welcome this new beverage. Coffee is now a worldwide phenomenon. It’s being delivered and enjoyed all over the world.
While the bean itself had so little ground to invade, improvements in coffee roasting, marketing, and cooking have drastically changed the drink in the last 200 years.