13 Differences Between Arabica & Robusta Coffee

The Great Battle of the 2 Coffee Beans!

Among the most important decisions you’ll make while stepping into the universe of excellent coffee is whether to go with Arabica or Robusta.

This article can help in making an accurate selection among these 2 varieties of coffee in order to choose your new favorite!

The Ultimate Guide

DifferencesArabica CoffeeRobusta Coffee
Taste BudsSweetBitter
Main TasteChocolate and caramel tonesEarthy and Grainy tones
TextureSmooth and SoftBold and Rough
IntensityMild and LightStrong and Intense
Caffeine levelLittle – Medium CaffeineHigh Caffeine
UndertoneFruity and Berry UndertonesSmoky and Spicy Undertones
PopularityWorldwide FamousLess Known
PriceA bit ExpensiveCheap
AcidityAcidicLess Acidic
SugarsSugaryLess Sugary
Smell BlueberryRaw Peanut
AltitudeHigh AltitudeLow Altitude
EnvironmentCool, subtropical, moisture, rich soil, shadeWarm, sunny, drier, Mountain area
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Arabica Coffee

What exactly is Arabica Coffee?

Arabica coffee is made from the beans of the Ethiopian Coffea arabica plant. Arabica is the most famous coffee in the planet, reaching for more than 60% among all cups drunk.

Typica and Bourbon are the two basic types of Arabica. Famous Arabica coffee varieties involve:

  • Kona

 

  • Bourbon

 

  • Pacamara

 

  • Villalobos

 

  • Typica

 

  • Caturra

1. Kona

Only coffee from the Kona Islands is referred to as “Kona”. The combination of bright mornings, cloudy or rainy afternoons, minimal wind, and moderate nights, along with porous, mineral-rich volcanic soil, creates ideal coffee growth conditions.

In Hawaii, coffee is referred to as kope.

How does Kona coffee taste?

Kona Coffee’s characteristic flavor profile is mild, sweet, and fruity, with notes of spiciness or nuts. As Kona Coffee roasts, it develops notes of sweetness and citrus.

Sweetness and tartness fade as the roast goes, and the coffee gains body.

2. Bourbon

Bourbon Arabica varieties, are frequently appreciated for their rich, harmonized fragrances and have produced a plethora of high-quality variations.

How does Bourbon Coffee Taste?

Bourbon bean roasts are gentle, medium-bodied, and mild in acidity. When compared to other varieties of coffee, the flavor is fairly sweet.

Bourbon coffee keeps most of its original taste after being roasted to a medium degree, with traces of chocolate taste, toasted grains, and nuts.

3. Pacamara

Pacamara is developed in El Salvador.

What Pacamara coffee Tastes Like?

Apricot, caramel, and floral scents, strong sweetness and a powerful fruit tartness, thick creamy, fruity mouthfeel, and a sweet finish with traces of toffee.

4. Villalobos

Villalobos beans are located mostly in Central and South America.

What Villalobos Coffee Taste Like?

Villalobos beans are sweet and pleasantly tart, with flavors of berries, fruit, and sugar syrup. Villalobos beans are commonly considered as rich, with many flavor layers appearing all through the tasting process.

5. Typica

The first type found was Typica. As a result, it is considered as the first coffee of the New World. It is also a cheap type noted for its high cup quality.

What does Typica Coffee Taste Like?

The acidity of the Typica variety is crisp and powerful, increasing in strength as altitude rises. Citrus and flowery aromas, as well as a sweet aftertaste, describe the coffee.

6. Caturra

Caturra combination was created in Colombia. It generates a lot of cherries and is resistant to disease, making it highly attractive on local producers.

What does Caturra Taste Like?

The sweet, vibrant, full-bodied bean, also called as Variedad Colombia, has traditional caramel and chocolate flavors with overtones of cherry. 

Arabica Coffee Nutrition Facts

1 Calories
0g % Carbs
0g % Fat
0.3g Protein
5mg Sodium

per cup

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Robusta Coffee

Robusta coffee is derived from the beans of the Coffea canephora tree, that originated in Africa.

Robusta coffee is notably bitter, and it is mostly used in brewed coffee, espresso, and as a replacement in some ground coffee combinations.

The Intensity of Robusta Coffee

It accounts for over 30% of global output, making it the second most prevalent bean type. It is well-known for having a powerful, bitter, deep flavor and a high caffeine level.

Robusta Coffee's Self Defeance

The increased caffeine concentration of Robusta, together with its chlorogenic acids (found naturally antioxidants), is assumed to be the outcome of the plant’s self-protection strategy in fighting off parasites and illness.

When exposed to low concentrations, chlorogenic acids are regarded as a key component of a coffee’s flavor character.

Robusta Coffee Nutrition Facts

18 Calories
4g Carbs
1g Fat
1g Protein
5mg Sodium

per cup

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Arabica vs Robusta In General

Coffee lovers have undoubtedly heard the terms “Robusta” or “Arabica.”

These 2 words refer to the 2 types of commonly grown beans. They are the same in the sense that they are collected, roasted, and finally brewed to form the beautiful stuff we name coffee.

The resemblance, however, end there. Arabica and Robusta are different in terms of flavor, growth climate, value, and quality.

Arabica Beans And... Biology?!

An Arabica tree may grow up to 15 feet (5 meters) tall, but it is normally cut to around 6 feet (2 meters) in order to make it more profitable.

Arabica contains 2, pairs of chromosomes allowing it to self-pollinate. Since cross-pollination is less likely, it is largely stable as a breed.

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Robusta vs Arabica: Taste

What Coffee Type has the Best Taste?

Despite having less caffeine than Robusta, Arabica beans are usually considered to be more flavorful. Arabica coffee has a softer, sweeter flavor, with chocolate and caramel undertones.

They contain small undertones of fruits or blackberries. Robusta, on the other side, has a full-bodied, rougher, and more bitter flavor, as well as grain or peanut undertones.

Personally, I get really lightheaded with too much caffeine and I prefer something sweater that’s why I love Arabica coffee better!

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Robusta vs Arabica: Climate

Robusta coffee beans are derived from a tough tree that may be farmed at low elevations of 500 meters. Robusta beans are less vulnerable to insect attacks, offer more finished goods per crop, and have low prices.

Arabica coffee beans are delicate and need cold, subtropical regions to develop. Arabica beans require a lot of rainfall, as well as good soil, shadow, and sun.

Arabica beans are sensitive to parasite invasion and it can be harmed by low temperatures or poor usage due to their delicacy. This bean must also be planted at a greater height (600-2000 meters).

Robusta vs Arabica: Price

Robusta is less expensive than Arabica, but it is also less beneficial for the ecosystem and your sense of taste.

Robusta cultivators perform mono-cropping, which is the technique of cultivating the very same plant year after year in the same location. Because it needs clear-cutting the forest for the crop, this pattern suggests larger area.

Robusta can be planted in more areas than Arabica since it is a more tolerant plant.

What's the problem here?

Mono-cropping, when performed in extreme, weakens the soil and lowers minerals, making the ground almost useless.

Arabica is more costly than Robusta as it is more difficult to plant and maintain. To save money, some businesses will also combine Robusta with Arabica.

Super Important Info

When shopping, look for Arabica coffee that is 100 percent Arabica for the best quality.

Other Random variations involve:
  • Robusta has higher caffeine.
  • Arabica has nearly twice as much sugar as sugarcane.
  • Robusta has a lower acidity.
  • Arabica contains higher lipids.

Last Thoughts

Do you have a favorite type of bean? Please let us know what you choose! We believe you have gained a better understanding of coffee as a result of this article.

Don’t forget that there’s a lot more to see on our blog.

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